≪Organizer Abstract≫
Aesthetic science is currently one of the most attractive themes in cognitive science. It is one of the best ways to understand comprehensive perception or integrated cognition. The word aesthetics, created by A.G. Baumgarten in 1750, originates from the Greek word "aisthesis", meaning perception. Originally, aesthetics denoted not only philosophy of beauty but also philosophy of an unclear domain of cognition. Appreciating art is a cognitive process based on common perceptual mechanisms and individual knowledge, experience, interest, and personality. Consequently, art arouses various kinds of emotions and appraisal, from beauty to disgust. In this session, we discuss the perceptual mechanisms and cognitive processes of appreciating traditional and modern art of Japan and Western countries. We approach these themes from perspectives of cognitive psychology and neuroscience, and from various topics: gaze direction in Ukiyoe print, implied motion in abstract painting, cognitive fluency of artwork, and aversive attractiveness of modern art.
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