≪Organizer Abstract≫
Self-conscious emotions such as guilt, shame, and pride have been studied both within and across cultures in recent decades. However, due to the historical interests of clinical and anthropological studies that viewed a negative emotional valence as typical of self-conscious emotions, much of this research has focused on negative ones. In contrast, little research exists on positive self-conscious or social comparison emotions such as compassion, awe, interdependent happiness, and schadenfreude, which qualify as the emotions due to their interpersonal functions and their implications for well-being.
This symposium will present four papers that suggest the cross-cultural implications of these self-conscious emotions. For example, although compassion is considered a universally significant
emotional process among all humans, the empirical data shows that compassion for the self fosters more positive affect among American adults than their Japanese counterparts. Each presenter will propose and discuss several theoretical questions concerning cultural differences of the self-conscious emotions.
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