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≪Organizer Abstract≫
How did our and the minds of other species evolve? And why? This is one of the most important questions in Psychology. The comparative-cognitive approach in psychology has found many stimulating findings in recent decades. To understand the evolution of the mind, it is important to study humans and nonhuman primates, but also other phylogenetic groups. For this purpose, we invited four researchers working on different species; dolphins, elephants, and primates. These mammals have adapted to a variety of different environments. Due to this diversity, they have developed very different cognitive abilities (diversity of mind). At the same time, perhaps due to similar social pressures, they also show similarites in some aspects of cognitive abilities (convergence of mind). In this symposium, we will introduce the current status of comparative-cognitive studies and try to give future perspective.
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