≪Organizer Abstract≫
The ability to identify our own appearance (i.e., visual self-recognition) has aroused scientific curiosity for nearly 200 years. Yet despite considerable progress our understanding remains incomplete. For instance, does self-recognition require self-awareness, and if so, is it a 'rich' or 'lean' type of self-awareness? How does the brain underlie self-recognition? Have claims about self-recognition in non-ape species been subjected to sufficient scrutiny? What is the function, if any, of self-recognition? Why do humans (young infants and those with pathologies) show dissociations for self-recognition in relation to different media (i.e., mirrors vs videos vs photographs)? Using the framework advocated by the Nobel winning ethologist Nikolaas Tinbergen, speakers will consider such issues by discussing the latest evidence regarding self-recognition in relation to its (1) development, (2) mechanisms, (3) evolution, and (4) function. These perspectives are not competing, but rather offer complimentary perspectives which may ultimately clarify the remaining riddles associated with self-recognition.
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