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≪Organizer Abstract≫
Current discussions on frailty mainly focused on physical frailty, and failed to consider psychological aspects. The psychological adaptation toward aging is a dynamic process, in which both external/internal changes are detected, interpreted, and processed under the regulation of personal attitudes toward self, illness, and aging. We proposed the concept of "mental frailty" to explore the changes of psychological structure and function in aging. Any component or path of these psychological processes may be/become dysfunctional which leads to maladaptation, i.e. leads to "mental frailty". In this symposium, we would first proposed a theoretical model of "mental frailty", and followed by studies that explore the dynamic process of meaning-construct in aging; attitude of illness and aging; interoception and automatic physiological reaction; emotion reaction and regulation; cognitive functions; and coping. We expect the "mental frailty" model could help in future establishment and implementation of assessment tools, and in designing individualized intervention programs.
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