≪Organizer Abstract≫
Making decisions often implies choosing between options differing in level of risk and degree of positive and negative consequences. Choosing advantageously in such situations is relevant for everyday outcomes in a variety of contexts. A broad field of research uses laboratory gambling tasks to emulate risky decision situations (e.g., Iowa Gambling Task, Cups Task, Game of Dice Task). Different cognitive correlates (e.g., strategies and executive functions) and emotional sensations (e.g., anticipation of reward and punishment) are observed as predictors of decision-making behavior. In addition, choice preferences vary by decision task, individual attributes of the decider, and situational influences. This symposium gathers decision-making researchers from different countries to present new observations on several factors affecting decision-making performance (e.g., age, cognitive functions, personality). The present symposium advances our understanding of decision making across a variety of decision-making tasks and the numerous variables affecting decisions.

Exploring sex-differences in decision making

[Speaker] Singh, Varsha:1
1:Indian Institute of Technology - Delhi (India)

Losses loom larger than gains when predicting health outcomes: Evidence from a maltreated adolescent sample

[Speaker] Weller, Joshua A:1
[Co-author] Kim, Hyoun:2, Leve, Leslie:3
1:Oregon State University (United States of America), 2:Oregon social learning center (United States of America), 3:University of Oregon (United States of America)

The relationship between personality characteristics and behavioral decision making task performance

[Speaker] Buelow, Melissa T:1
[Co-author] Brunell, Amy B:1, Barnhart, Wesley R:1
1:The Ohio State University (United States of America)

Weighing up short- and long-term consequences: A process relevant in IT-security decisions?

[Speaker] Müller, Silke M:1
[Co-author] Schiebener, Johannes:1, Pekal, Jaro:1, Stöckigt, Gerrit:1, Brand, Matthias:1,2,3
1:University of Duisburg-Essen (Germany), 2:Center for Behavioral Addiction Research (CeBAR), Duisburg (Germany), 3:Erwin L. Hahn Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Essen (Germany)

Short-term reward vs. long-term risk: Who decides disadvantageously after ego depletion?

[Speaker] Schiebener, Johannes:1
[Co-author] Palkovics, Michael:3, Brand, Matthias:1,2
1:University of Duisburg-Essen (Germany), 2:Erwin L. Hahn Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Essen (Germany), 3:University of Vienna (Austria)

[Discussant] Brand, Matthias:1
1:University of Duisburg-Essen (Germany)

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