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The Relationship between motivation, outcome expectancy, and performance among Japanese university triathletes: An approach using self-determination theory

[Speaker] Sukizaki, Takaya:1,4
[Co-author] Machida, Moe:2, Kawata, Yujiro:3,4, Hirosawa, Masataka:3,4
1:Juntendo University (Japan), 2:Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences (Japan), 3:School of Health and Sports Science, Juntendo University (Japan), 4:Graduate School of Health and Sports Science,Juntendo University (Japan)

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between motivation, outcome expectancy, and performance among Japanese university triathletes. We collected data from 105 Japanese university triathletes (80 males, 25 females) who had participated in the 2015 National Triathlon Championship in Japan. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information, the Japanese version of the Sport Motivation Scale, and their expected placement in the upcoming Championship. We confirmed their actual placement after the Championship. Among males, intrinsic motivation for stimulation and extrinsic motivation for identification were significantly correlated with the expected placement, and extrinsic motivation for identification was significantly correlated with the actual placement. Among females, extrinsic motivation for identification was significantly correlated with the expected placement. The results suggest that increasing opportunities to experience stimulation and to think sport as an important mean for personal development may be linked to the high outcome expectancy and performance among Japanese university triathletes.
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