Longitudinal Survey of Sense of Coherence (SOC) Scores: Comparison of First and Third Year Japanese University Students

[Speaker] Sasaki, Eri:1
[Co-author] Horita, Ryo:2,3, Nishio, Akihiro:2,3, Isomura, Yuki:2, Yamamoto, Mayumi:2,3,4
1:Department of Cultural Development, Gifu Women's University (Japan), 2:Health Administration Center, Gifu University (Japan), 3:Gifu University Hospital (Japan), 4:United Graduate School of Drug Discovery and Medical Information Sciences, Gifu University (Japan)

[Introduction] To evaluate the stability and usefulness of Sense of Coherence (SOC) which is a concept of salutogenesis, changes in SOC scores of Japanese university students were examined. [Methods] A general health questionnaire and SOC were conducted at first and third year. After exclusion of uncompleted data, 180 subjects were analyzed. [Results] Average total score in the third year was significantly higher in students who lived with their family than those who lived alone. Apart from comprehensibility, total score, manageability, and meaningfulness in SOC significantly declined from the first to third year. Increased, stable, and decreased SOC total score from first to third year students were analyzed. It was revealed that the faculty of students significantly influenced SOC, while their gender, K10 score, and living status did not. [Conclusion] SOC might not be stable in university students and they may be affected by their specialty and living status.
Advanced Search