Does Personality Influence People's Preference? The Relationship between Personality Similarities and Dog Preferences

[Speaker] Shen, Zhuozhuo:1,2
[Co-author] Lea, Stephen E. G.:3, Hall, Brian J.:1,2,4
1:University of Macau (Macao), 2:Global and Community Mental Health Research Group, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of Macau (Macao), 3:FAcSS, Emeritus Professor of Psychology, University of Exeter, UK (United Kingdom), 4:Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Baltimore, MD, USA (United States of America)

Interacting with dogs has positive influences on people's general health. These effects may be influenced by the human-dog relationship. Preference between dogs might affect how much a person likes a dog, which influences their relationship. A convenience sample of English citizens (N=129) and Chinese citizens (N=209) was recruited from the internet. A between-subjects correlational design was used. We tested whether people prefer to choose a dog that has similar personality as themselves. Participants watched four pairs of video clips showing behaviors in two dogs with different personalities and then answered questions about these dogs and their own personalities (by using HEXACO-60 Scales). Dogs' personality was tested by using Monash Canine Personality Questionnaire-Revised (MCPQ-R). Extraversion, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness varied between participants and their preferred dogs in the same direction while Emotionality varied in opposite directions. Generally, there was a weak relationship between personality similarities and dog preferences.
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