The Developmental Characteristics of Infants' Self-Recognition Aged from 18 to 24 Months and Relationships between Self-recognition and Mother-Infant Attachment

[Speaker] Ling, Liu:1
[Co-author] Lizhu, Yang:2, Sha, Tao:3
1:College of Preschool & Primary Education, Shenyang Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Department of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 3:National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning,Beijing Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

Based on laboratory experiment, situational observation and attachment behavior Q-set, a longitudinal design was used in order to investigate the developmental tendencies and individual differences of 18 to 24 months of age infants' self-recognition and their relationships with mother-infant attachment. The results were drawn as follow: 1. The ability of self-recognition showed a developmental tendency with the increase of age. 2. There were individual differences in the development rate. 3. Gender differences in the development of infants' self-recognition varied with the increase of age. 4. There were significant positive correlations between the security of mother-infant attachment at 18 months and infants' self-recognition at 18 to 24 months. 5. Both high and low groups with security of attachment progressed well in their abilities of self-recognition, only that the high group infants showed level of self- recognition than the low group.
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