Curriculum Development in Programming Education for Elementary School Subjects

[Speaker] Kuriyama, Naoko:1
[Co-author] Saito, Takahiro:2, Mori, Hideki:1, Nishihara, Akinori:1
1:Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan), 2:Osaka University (Japan)

Recently, programing education is considered to be very effective to gain logical thinking. If students can reproduce the logic in observed natural phenomena by the programing, it may lead better understanding of the science subject. This study aimed to inspect the effect of the programming exercises by school children, especially targeting the first grade of elementary school. Fifty-eight students in the first grade of elementary school were learned "how elephant walks" in the collaboration
with the programming learning exercise. Many children described in more detailed aspects about the phenomenon after the programming learning exercise, and noticed that the order in which the legs of an elephant moved was important. We found that the use of programming in the first grade of elementary school can be an effective tool for learning scientific subject.
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