Experiential information processing styles may relate to false memory production

[Speaker] Mukai, Akira:1
1:Takamatsu University (Japan)

The influence of individual differences in a measure of schizotypal personality, auditory hallucination experiences, need for cognition, dissociative experiences, encoding style, sleep experiences, reality-monitoring error experiences, attitudes towards paranormal phenomena, and rational-experiential information processing styles on the production of false memories was examined. Using a modified DRM procedure with Brédart's post-recall test and single list, 157 participants were divided into 3 groups: participants who falsely recalled the related lure (false recall group), those who successfully rejected the lure (successful monitoring group), and those who did not report it during the experiment (non-activation group). Results indicated that the score of "experiential engagement" in information processing styles tended to be higher in the false recall group than in the successful monitoring group, and the score of "experiential ability" was significantly correlated with confidence ratings on falsely recalled related lure (r =. 46). No other important differences were found among the groups.
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