Effect of selective attention from emotional arousal stimulus on trait anxiety and habituation.

[Speaker] Masuda, Naoko:1
[Co-author] Sonoda, Naoko:2
1:Graduate School of Psychology, Kurume University, (Japan), 2:Department of Psychology Faculty of Literature, Kurume University, (Japan)

Using an emotional spatial cuing paradigm, we examined the effect of disengagement of selective attention from emotional valence (positive or negative visual images) and arousal (high or low arousal levels) on trait anxiety (high or low) and habituation (to emotional images). The experiment was consisted of three sessions, in each of which the same images were presented to test weather habituation occurred. Images of IAPS (International Affective Pictures System) were used for controlling emotional valence. Using SAM, participants evaluated images in two dimensions: arousal and valence. Participants judged the location of the target stimulus on either left or right of the prime stimuli, after prime stimuli was presented on center of the display. Results showed that RTs in participants with high anxiety was faster than those with low anxiety in the second session. Participants with high anxiety was hard to produce habituation in comparison with those with low anxiety.
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