Investigation on the model associated with students' observational learning in everyday life.

[Speaker] Tomioka, Naomi:1
[Co-author] Minagawa, Naohiro:2
1:Hyogo University of Teacher Education (Japan), 2:Naruto University of Education (Japan)

Social Cognitive Theory (SCT; Bandura, 1986) suggests that we should learn many things through the reciprocal interactions between personal, behavioral and environmental factors. One prediction shows that one is motivated by observing successful others who are similar to oneself. The present study proves the prediction by dealing with the day-to-day university students' environment.
288 participants were asked to observe people around them and submit weekly reports for three weeks. The results derived from KJ method showed that students observed three categories of behaviors (29 types) at two categories of places (7 places). Those behaviors are categorized by the feeling how the observers felt. Students' observation of behaviors brought them positive feeling and motivation to imitate the others who are similar to oneself at a particularly place that students belongs to such as university classroom.
The results confirm that students are inclined to observe and imitate a similar person.
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