False memory for pictures and words: An explanation of false memory with memory strength of list materials

[Speaker] Shimane, Daisuke:1
[Co-author] Itoh, Yuji:1
1:Keio University (Japan)

We investigated whether false memories were produced for pictorial materials or not. The false memory is a phenomenon where non-studied materials are remembered as confidently as studied ones. One of the methods to research false memories in a laboratory is the Deese-Roediger-McDermott(DRM) paradigm. In this paradigm, participants are required to study lists of semantically related words and then remember them as many as possible. They frequently remember "critical lure words" that are related to the list words but are not presented. Word lists have been mainly used in the false memory researches with the DRM paradigm. In the current research, we conducted an experiment using picture lists and word lists. The result showed that false recognition for pictorial materials was reduced. This mechanism of false memory is interpreted in relation to the "picture superiority effect".
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