Rapid Communication

Brain activity during electronic organ performance- Experimental research using fMRI

[Speaker] Obata, Satoshi:1,2
[Co-author] Ogawa, Junichi:2, Kinoshita, Hiroshi:3
1:The University of Electro-Communications (Japan), 2:Yamaha Music Foundation Yamaha Music Research Laboratory (Japan), 3:Osaka University (Japan)

Playing the electronic organ is a very complex motor task that requires separate control of the hands and feet to press each set of keys. This motor skill is different from that required by other instruments. The aim of this study was to investigate the cortical networks responsible for this complex auditory-motor control system that is utilized while playing the organ. We measured brain activity of 11 skilled electronic organ players with fMRI while they heard musical pieces that they had previously played. These musical pieces were played by hands-only (HD), foot-only (FT), or both (BOTH). In all conditions, activation was found in the frontoparietal network, which contains the premotor areas and the secondary auditory cortices, including the superior temporal gyri (STG and BA22). The FT and BOTH had higher activity in the supplementary motor area than baseline. This suggests the existence of auditory-foot-motor control systems in electronic organ playing.
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