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Differences in Motivation and Long-Term Satisfaction Between Valued Actions and Pleasant Activities

[Speaker] Saito, Junichi:1
[Co-author] Shima, Taiki:1, Iwata, Ayaka:1, Honda, Hikari:1, Ouchi, Yuko:1, Kumano, Hiroaki:1
1:Waseda University (Japan)

Aim
Researchers have provided little attention to the difference between valued actions and mere pleasant activities. To investigate this, we compared how these two activities affect everyday life.
Method
Nineteen university students participated in this study (3 males, 16 females, mean age 20.54 ± 1.57). After Values Clarification, we carried out a seven-day survey using smart phone devices.
Results
We conducted a one-way ANOVA with "group" as the independent variable. There was no significant difference between pleasantness ratings during valued actions versus pleasant activities (p = ns.). However, participants reported stronger motivation for valued actions compared to pleasant activities (p > .01). Similarly, ratings of long-term satisfaction following completion of valued actions were higher (p > .01).
Discussion
Compared with pleasant activities, valued actions activate stronger motivation and contribute to higher long-term satisfaction, even though they are characterized by challenging circumstances.
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