A Research on the Determinants of Adolescents' Conscience

[Speaker] Zeng, Lianping:1,2
[Co-author] Yan, Liangshi:2, Zhao, Shouying:1, Zeng, Chuikai:3, Luo, Jie:1, Chen, Wei:1
1:Guizhou Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Hunan Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 3:Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics (China (People's Republic of China))

Abstract: The aim of this study was to discuss the determinants of adolescents' conscience. The Adolescents' Conscience Questionnaire(ACQ) revised by Lianping Zeng, the Parental Rearing Pattern Questionnaire(PRPQ), the Self-Esteem Scale(SES) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale(GSES) were employed to assess 1557(male:838, female:719) teenagers from mainland China. Bivariate correlation analysis showed that adolescents' conscience is significantly positively related with their self-esteem, self-efficacy, father's and mother's emotion warmth. And hierarchical regression analysis showed that: gender differences has notable positive impact on adolescents' conscience while age brings dramatic negative effect on it. Father's emotion warmth has notable positive impacts on adolescents' conscience when introducing parental rearing pattern; Meanwhile, self-esteem and self-efficacy have prominent positive effect on adolescents' conscience when introducing self-esteem and self-efficacy. The results enlighten us: it is hopefully to promote adolescents' conscience by improving parental rearing pattern and their self-esteem and self-efficacy.
key words: adolescents, conscience, parental rearing pattern, determinants
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