Rapid Communication

Combined Role of Age and Conceptual Relations on Semantic Effects during Language Production

[Speaker] Yin, Guanhai:1
[Co-author] Fang, Yanhong:1, Zhang, Jijia:2
1:Jingguangshan University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Renmin University of China (China (People's Republic of China))

Few studies have examined the combined role of age and conceptual relations on semantic effects during language production. Using a picture-word interference paradigm, present study investigated the difference between elementary schoolchildren and adults, who named pictures accompanied by or taxonomic related distractors, or thematic associated distractors or script-based slot-filler (SF) related distractors. Results showed that children named pictures more slowly than adults and produced more errors, replicating previous studies. More interesting, when taxonomic related pictures were named, semantic interference was found for adults but not for children. When thematic associated pictures were named, semantic facilitation was found for both groups and was larger for children. Further, semantic interference was found for both and was also larger for children for SF related pictures. These findings were discussed in people's conceptual organization preference and inhibition suppression ability, which suggesting that existing semantic theories should consider some subject variables to improve their universality.
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