Predicting behavioral intentions from affect and stereotypes: A replication in an interpersonal context

[Speaker] Clemente, Jose Antonio R.:1
[Co-author] Bernardo, Allan B. I:2
1:University of Macau/University of the Philippines (Philippines), 2:University of Macau (Macao)

An intergroup bias theory proposes that specific behaviors (i.e., active facilitation [helping], active harm [insulting], passive facilitation [associating with], passive harm [avoiding]) arise from warmth-competence perceptions of and emotions elicited by groups and their members (Cuddy et al., 2007). Two experiments tested these propositions in an interpersonal context. A preliminary thought-listing survey was administered to generate and cluster interpersonal behaviors into four types. In Experiment 1, participants read a scenario that described a potential partner in a class project as high or low in competence and warmth. ANOVA results showed significant warmth-active behaviors and warmth-passive behaviors interactions. Planned comparisons revealed high warmth prompted higher facilitation intentions than low warmth. In Experiment 2, participants read a similar scenario, but the partner was either admired, hated, pitied, or envied. ANOVA results showed admiration and pity predicted both facilitation intentions; contempt and envy drive both harmful intentions. Results partially supported the theory's predictions.
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