Revision of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

[Speaker] Altmann, Tobias:1
[Co-author] Roth, Marcus:1
1:University Duisburg-Essen (Germany)

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965) is one of the most frequently applied scales in psychology. However, the scale shows two major problematic issues: first, the RSES only differentiates in the lower range of self-esteem and not in the high or overly high range. This consistently causes ceiling effects in empirical research. And second, the RSES shows a very narrow range of item content resulting in very little incremental information of the ten items (wherefore five of the items would yield identical results).
As a further development of the scale, we present several studies (total N = 2031) on an updated comprehensive version of the RSES substituting questionable RSES items and thereby enabling the differential measurement of high and overly high self-esteem in addition to measuring low and overly low self-esteem as before. Covariates such as narcissism and social desirability will be discussed.
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