The Temporal Doppler Effect: Its Moderating Conditions and Adaptive Function

[Speaker] Gan, Yiqun:1
[Co-author] Miao, Miao:1
1:Peking University (China (People's Republic of China))

The objectives of this study were to examine whether the temporal Doppler effect exists and whether certain individual and environmental factors act as moderators of the effect. Using HLM models, Study 1 examined the existence of the temporal Doppler effect and the moderating effect of future orientation among 139 university students. Studies 2 and 3 examined the moderating conditions of the temporal Doppler effect using two independent samples of 143 and 147 university students. Results indicated that temporal Doppler effects existed in all the analyses. Future orientation moderated the temporal Doppler effects. Time interval perception mediated the relationship between future orientation and the motivation to cope at long time intervals. Positive affect enhances the temporal Doppler effect, whereas control deprivation does not influence the effect. The temporal Doppler effect is moderated by an important personality trait of future orientation, and by a situational variable of experimentally manipulated positive affect.
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