Frustration and satisfaction in a post-communist democracy: Empirical assessments and interpretation in terms of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.

[Speaker] Klicperova, Martina:1
[Co-author] Kostal, Jaroslav:1
1:Institute of Psychology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (Czech Republic)

Various methodologies were used to assess life frustrations and satisfactions in the Czech society. The quantitative survey (N = 1093, a representative sample) inquired about satisfaction in various spheres of life under the current democracy and during the communist past. The qualitative study (N = 50; in cooperation with M. Grznar, T. Samec, and P. A. Berankova) analyzed semi-structured interviews in which students asked their parents about life during communist totalitarianism, the democratic "velvet revolution," transition, and consolidated democracy. Results indicate that recent frustrations/satisfactions are in a dramatic contrast to those recalled from communist totalitarianism. Recollections stress relative satisfaction of basic needs and frustration of higher needs under communism. Current democracy generally satisfies the higher needs (self-actualization) but challenges satisfaction of basic needs. The current and recalled 'satisfaction to frustration ratios' are important for participation and democratic citizenship.
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