July 25, 2016 16:30 - 18:00

Self-Awareness in the Training of Mental Health Professionals: Testing a Mediational Effect

[Speaker] Hung, I-ching Grace:1
[Co-author] Sheu, Hung-bin:2
1:Michigan State University (United States of America), 2:University at Albany (United States of America)

Increasing psychotherapist self-awareness is believed to be essential in clinical training, as it is widely regarded as a factor that allows psychotherapists to treat clients effectively. However, there is little theory and research on this topic. Guided by social cognitive theory, this paper includes rare empirical findings on the role of self-awareness in a sample of 449 graduate psychotherapist trainees in the U.S.

Complex relationships were found between trainees' training variables (level of clinical experience, supervisory relationship), self-compassion, self-awareness, and training outcomes (counseling self-efficacy). That is, self-awareness partially mediated the relation of some training variables to self-efficacy but not others, and this mediational effect varied depending on trainees' levels of clinical experience and supervisory relationship. Results support that using diverse angles to examine self-awareness in training can lead to a more harmonious understanding of this topic. Results also provide insights into future directions in bridging research, training, and clinical practice.
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