Program

Oral
July 25, 2016 16:30 - 18:00
OR25-63-6

The Young and The Resilient: Exploring the construct of resilience among HIV positive adolescents from the perspective of adolescent HIV healthcare providers and experts

[Speaker] Pahad, Shenaaz:1
[Co-author] Woollett, Nataly C:1, Thomson, Kirsten:1
1:Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (South Africa(Republic of South Africa))

HIV has introduced a multitude of psychological risk to adolescents' development, yet research indicates adolescents infected and affected by HIV often demonstrate resilience. Few studies have focused on understanding or theorizing the construct of resilience from the perspective of HIV healthcare providers and experts. Through indepth, qualitative research with health providers and experts, we explored contextual meanings of resilience and key factors that promote resilience among HIV positive adolescents. A multilevel approach applied a coding framework incorporating personal and environmental factors to verbatim transcripts using Nvivo. We found resilience to be understood as a bidirectional interaction of personal and environmental factors for example, caregiver involvement influences adolescent health and viceversa. To promote resilience adolescents require access to perceived role models.However, extreme cases of resilience seemed counterproductive to adolescent well-being. Therefore, psychological interventions that develop skills, provide emotional support and impart hope can buffer adolescent challenges and promote resilience.
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