July 25, 2016 16:30 - 18:00

Do Social Cynics Have Poor Psychological Health?An Investigation of How and When.

[Speaker] Ng, Jacky, Chi Kit:1
[Co-author] Chen, Sylvia, Xiaohua:2
1:The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong), 2:The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong)

Cynical worldview has been consistently found to predict various well-being indicators. Yet, empirical studies examining the underlying process between cynical worldview and psychological health are scarce. Drawn on the social information-processing theory, social cynics are motivated to stay away from potential hazards by exhibiting hypersensitivity to negative information, which in turn dampens their psychological health. This information acquisition process is also thought to vary as a function of one's desire to "seize" and "freeze" on information. To unveil the underlying mechanism between cynical worldview and psychological health, three studies were conducted under the mediation-as-process and moderation-as-process frameworks. Studies 1 and 2 provided experimental evidence that the effect of cynical world-view on psychological health was fully mediated by the increased attention to negative information as well as moderated by the need for closure. Finally, Study 3 integrated both mediation and moderation with a cross-sectional design, establishing a conditional process model.
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