July 25, 2016 16:30 - 18:00

Resilience and Migration: psychosocial and cultural risk and protective factors in Iranian immigrants living in Australia

[Speaker] Hosseini, Ashraf A:1
[Co-author] Kakuma, Ritsuko:1, Davern, Melanie:1, Ghazinour, Mehdi:2, Evans, William:3, Minas, Harry:1
1:Melbourne University, Australia (Australia), 2:Umea university, Sweden (Sweden), 3:University of Nevada, Reno, USA (United States of America)

Migration is ofetn a challenging and life changing experience. Psychosocial and cultural risk and protective factors in Iranians living in Australia were investigated using an online questionnaire and a semi-structured interview. The main protective factors were: personal and social competencies, sufficient English proficency, family and social support, longer duration in Australia, experience of higher levels of gender equality and multicultural expereince. In contrast, being unemployed, cultural differences, discrimination, and difficulties with social cohesion in the Iranian community were found to be the main risk factors. This study suggests possible approaches aimed at promoting resilience among immigrants, including: setting up community support groups that strengthen social cooperation; creating strategies to enhance employment opportunities; and raising awareness of Iranian culture in the larger Australian community to reduce discrimination. This research also highlights the need for further study to assess whether interventions that strengthen resilience will assist immigrants in the process of migration.
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