Multiple approach to racial ingroup bias in empathy

[Speaker] Han, Shihui:1
1:Peking University, China (China (People's Republic of China))

Humans empathize with others but not equally, why? I'll present our recent brain imaging studies of racial ingroup bias in empathic neural responses to others' suffering. Our behavioral, EEG and fMRI findings revealed neural, cognitive, genetic and environmental mechanisms underlying greater empathy for racial ingroup compared to outgroup members' physical pain. These findings demonstrate a key role of social intergroup relationship in emotional understanding and sharing. In addition, our search showed evidence that laboratory manipulations and real-life experiences can reduce the racial in-group bias in empathic neural responses. These findings have novel implications for understanding ingroup favoritism in social behavior.
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