Distributive Justice of Young Children and The Relationship between It and Theory of Mind

[Speaker] Zhang, Xue:1
[Co-author] Liu, Wen:1
1:Liaoning Normal University, College of Psychology (China (People's Republic of China))

Merit is a key principle of fairness: rewards should be distributed according to how much someone contributed to tasks. Here we provide evidence that three years old children already use merit principle to allocate rewards. Study 1, Reward resource allocation paradigm was used to investigate the development of 186 children's distributive justice behavior in two contexts. The results showed the distributive justice behavior of 3 to 5 years old was increased with age and the situational involvement levels had an significant effect on it. Study 2 explored the relationship between the distributive justice behavior and theory of mind of 125 young children aged 4 to 5 years old, and confirmed that the children who passed Theory of Mind tasks perform much more fairly than the children who did't pass in two context, The theory of mind ability may promote the fair distributive behavior of young children.
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