Equity Sensitivity in 2~3 Years Old Children in a Resource Distribution Task

[Speaker] Liu, Wen:1
[Co-author] Zhu, Lin:1, Zhang, Xue:1
1:Liaoning Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

This study aims to investigate the developmental characteristics of children's equity sensitivity and the factors influencing equity sensitivity in resource allocations. In Experiment 1, equity sensitivity in 130 2~3 years old children was investigated by using a third-party VOE paradigm. The results showed that: (1) Looking time to the unfair distribution was much longer than looking time to the fair distribution; (2) There was an increasingly strong preference for the unfair distribution from ages 2 to 3. In Experiment 2, 60 2~3 years old children were examined to explore the question of how the impact of the presence of recipients (recipients versus no recipients), and the number of resources divided (2 versus 4). The results showed that looking time to unfair distribution was longer than to the fair distribution for both 2 and 4 resources only in the context in which recipients were present.
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