Identity styles changes over one year in adolescence: age and gender differences

[Speaker] Malinauskiene, Oksana:1
[Co-author] Zukauskiene, Rita:1, Kaniusonyte, Goda:1
1:Mykolas Romeris university (Lithuania)

Identity formation is one of the main tasks of adolescence. Adolescents can use various strategies to address these identity questions or to avoid them (Berzonsky, 1989). Three identity styles (information-oriented, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) are involved in social-cognitive processing of self-relevant information. Aim of this study was to explore relationships between adolescents' identity styles, age and gender. This study sample consists of Lithuanian adolescents participating in two wave longitudinal study, collected with a 1-year interval (N=1376, T1: M=16.35, SD=1.23; T2: M=17.35, SD=1.23; 51.3% girls and 44.7% boys). The results showed that two of three identity styles were related significantly with age and gender: information-oriented identity and normative styles decreased with age, more boys than girls are characterized by diffuse-avoidant and normative identity styles, and more girls than boys by information-oriented identity style.
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