Age differences in childrens judgement of bilateral violations of conditional promises

[Speaker] Chin, Jui-chih:1
[Co-author] Lin, Miao-hui:2
1:University of Taipei (Taiwan), 2:National University of Tainan (Taiwan)

The current study was to examine age differences in children's identification of the not-p-and-not-q of a conditional promise as bilateral violation. There were 105 children aged 6 (m=70months) and 42 first graders (m=87 months) participating in this study. The children were asked to identify the violations of four hypothetical stories of conditional promises in the mother-child and child-peer contexts. The chi-square analyses indicated that, when the mother was the promiser, first graders were more readily to identify the not-p-and-not-q condition as contract violation and the mother as the violator than 6-year-olds. On the other hand, 6-year-old children were more likely to identify the child as the violator. For the conditional promises in which the promisee was the peer of higher status, 6-year-old children were more likely to identify the peer of lower status as the violator, whereas 7-year-olds were more likely to claim the two parties as the violators.
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