Maternal parenting behavior and neural emotion processing in adolescents

[Speaker] Romund, Lydia:1
[Co-author] Raufelder, Diana:2, Flemming, Eva:1, Lorenz, Robert C:1, Pelz, Patricia:1, Gleich, Tobias:1, Heinz, Andreas:1, Beck, Anne:1
1:Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, CCM (Germany), 2:Freie Universität Berlin, Department of Educational Science and Psychology (Germany)

Parenting is essential for a child´s development; however the impact of parenting within the non-pathological range in relation to neural emotion processing has not been studied to date.
83 healthy adolescents were scanned in a 3T MRI using an emotional face matching task. Maternal parenting behavior (maternal support, psychological pressure and control behavior) was assessed with the "Zurich Brief Questionnaire for the Assessment of Parental Behaviors" (ZKE).
An increased amygdala response towards negative (compared to neutral) faces and a significant activation of fusiform gyrus to all emotions compared to neutral ones was observed. Moreover, high maternal support correlated with lower activation to fearful faces in the amygdala.
Existent findings in maltreated children have been extended to healthy populations by underlining the interplay between maternal parenting behavior and neural emotion processing in adolescents.
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