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Poster

A home-based training program decreases family caregivers' risk of being consistently depressed: A randomized controlled trial

[Speaker] Shyu, Yea - Ing L:1
[Co-author] Kuo, Li - Min:2, Huang, Huei - Ling:3, Liang, Jersey:4, Kwok, Yam - Ting:5, Hsu, Wen - Chuin:6, Su, Pei - Ling:1
1:Chang Gung University (Taiwan), 2:Taipei Medical University (Taiwan), 3:Chang Gung University of Science and Technology (Taiwan), 4:University of Michigan (United States of America), 5:Far Eastern Memorial Hospital (Taiwan), 6:Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)

Aims. To report the effects of a training program on depressive symptoms for family caregivers of patients with dementia over 18 months after completing the programme. Design. A randomized clinical trial was implemented. Method. A total of 116 caregivers were randomly assigned into experimental (n=57) and control group (n=59). The experimental group received the training programme along with telephone consultation, and the control group received written educational materials and social telephone follow-ups. The outcome measurement was depressive symptoms and caregivers were assessed before, 2 weeks, and 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after the training program. Results. Caregivers' depressive symptoms fell into three stable trajectories: non-depressed (24.1%), mildly blue (57.2%), and depressed (18.7%). After controlling for covariates, the experimental group had only 15% the chance of the control group to experience persistent depressive symptoms (b=-1.92, odds ratio=0.15, p<0.05) relative to the non-depressed group.
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