Causal Relationships among Scholarship Competence, Self-Esteem, and Psychological Stress Response Using a Two-Factor Solution of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

[Speaker] Fukudome, Kodai:1
[Co-author] Morinaga, Yasuko:1
1:Hiroshima University (Japan)

The factor structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has been widely discussed. From the viewpoint of statisticians, the RSES can be better understood by assuming that it has two method factors: positive self-esteem (PSE) and negative self-esteem (NSE). Although these two factors may be artifacts, we considered their psychological meanings to be important. In the present study, we examined the causal relationships among two aspects of scholarship competence (i.e., relative competence and absolute competence), PSE, NSE, and psychological stress responses in Japanese junior high school students (N = 430). SEM indicated that relative and absolute competence promoted both PSE and NSE, and that NSE significantly affected stress response, though PSE did not. The psychological distinctiveness of the RSES's two factors was discussed.
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