How patterns of illness perception explain differences in depression and anxiety among long-term breast cancer survivors

[Speaker] Hara, Saaya:1
[Co-author] Takeuchi, Emi:2,3, Ogawa, Yuko:1, Suzuki, Shin-ichi:4
1:Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan), 2:Keio University Hospital Palliative Care Center (Japan), 3:Consultation, Counseling and Support Service Center of National Cancer Center (Japan), 4:Facutly of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of illness perception patterns on depression and anxiety among long-term breast cancer survivors. Fifty-seven participants completed the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Cluster analysis was used to identify groups of respondents who reported a similar profile of illness perception scores. The results of the cluster analysis suggest that respondents in Cluster 1 had negative cognitions concerning life issues and emotional representations. Respondents in Cluster 2 had negative cognitions, and respondents in Cluster 3 had positive cognitions relating to their illness. The results of ANOVA revealed a significant interaction between receiving chemotherapy and group of cluster memberships. It is suggested that the illness perception patterns of long-term breast cancer survivors include more cognitive responses related to the impact of the illness on their daily lives compared to those of short-term breast cancer survivors.
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