Attentional control dysfunction in depression

[Speaker] Tomita, Nozomi:1
[Co-author] Imai, Shoji:2, Kumano, Hiroaki:3
1:Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan), 2:Faculty of Human Care, Nagoya University of Art and Sciences (Japan), 3:Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan)

This study investigates the relation between depression and each component of attentional control functions proposed in metacognitive therapy. Thirty-six undergraduates (22 females, age = 20.08 ± 1.63 years) completed Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II; Kojima & Furukawa, 2003), measuring depressive symptoms, and the Voluntary Attention Control Scale (VACS; Imai et al., 2015), measuring self-reported attentional control. They engaged in dichotic listening tasks to measure attentional control functions (selective/switching/divided attention). BDI-II was correlated with VACS subscales (rs = -.384 to -.600, ps < .001 to .05), with the response time for the selective and divided attention tasks (r = .517, p < .01; r = .345, p < .05) and the percentage of correct answers for the selective and divided attention tasks (r = -.396, p < .05; r = -.397, p < .05). These results showed that a decrease in selective and divided attention is associated with increased depressive symptoms.
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