Program

Poster
PS28A-03-268

Relation between features of the problem-solving and depressive symptoms in Japanese school-aged children

[Speaker] Minosaki, Koji:1
[Co-author] Shimada, Hironori:2
1:Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan), 2:Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan)

Aim: In stressful situation, various problem-solving strategies affect psychological stress responses such as depressive symptoms. However, there is no evidence what kind of problem-solving strategy alleviates or exacerbates depressive symptoms in Japanese school-aged children. Thus, this study aims to examine what kind of problem-solving strategy affects depressive symptoms. Method: Participants: One hundred and fifty seven 6th-grade children (82 males; mean age 11.25, SD =0.45) participated in this investigation. They answered the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children (Birleson, 1981), and thought of problem-solving strategies for fictitious scenario situation ("A friend who was playing together went back home angrily"). Results: Problem-solving strategies fell into six categories. As a result of the ANOVA, the depressive symptoms score of the children who selected "receive advices" was higher than the children who selected "leave it as is". These results suggested that indirect problem-solving strategy such as "receive advices" exacerbates depressive symptoms.
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