Dissonant Identities: The Psychological Costs of Conflicts in Allegiances among Black Sexual Minorities in South Africa and the United States

[Speaker] Jackson, Skyler:1
[Co-author] Sarno, Elissa L:1, Mohr, Jonathan J:1
1:University of Maryland, College Park (United States of America)

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people of color may face obstacles managing multiple marginalized statuses. One such difficulty, conflicts in allegiances (CIA), refers to the belief that one's racial identity and sexual orientation are incompatible. This cross-cultural presentation examines theorized antecedents and consequences of CIA among Black sexual minorities in South Africa (Study 1) and the United States (Study 2).

Study 1 is a qualitative study of Black LGB South Africans who were active in the country's anti-apartheid or sexual liberation movements. Interviewees reported psychological distress related to CIA, exacerbated by experiences of racism within LGB organizations and homophobia within Black nationalist organizations.

Using a mixed methods daily diary approach, Study 2 examined temporal relations between intersectional experiences, CIA, and daily mood among LGB Black Americans. Negative (but not positive) intersectional experiences predicted daily levels of conflicts in allegiances; conflicts in allegiances predicted fluctuations in negative (but not positive) mood.
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