July 28, 2016 14:40 - 16:10

Psycho-social support model in crisis management based on activity theory

[Speaker] Zhang, Zhao:1,2
[Co-author] Chen, Xuelian:3, Guo, Yongyu:1
1:School of Psychology, Central China Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Organization department, Wuhan University of Technology (China (People's Republic of China)), 3:Humanity School, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine (China (People's Republic of China))

According to Vygotsky's activity theory and Activity Model with six ingredients and four subsystems proposed by Engeström (1987), the agent of activities of psycho-social supports in crisis management is the decision-makers such as the government or other organizations. The object is the target (individuals, crowds and the influences in crisis) that the agent confronts. The community includes those professional staff in system of psycho-social support system such as psychologists and social workers. Tools are individuals' and crowds' mental and behavioral characteristics. Rules are laws, policies and mechanisms that manage and discipline this supporting system. Division is the sum of different interventions from psycho-social supporters aiming at different persons in crisis. This is the psycho-social support model based on activity theory containing four subsystems-comprehensive assessment, information interchange, division and cooperation and psycho-social support on account of the relation between decision-makers, professional staff and objects in crisis.
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