Effects of place attachment and perceived benefit-cost of community involvement on participation in crime prevention activities in a Japanese urban community

[Speaker] Enomoto, Kaori:1
[Co-author] Kawada, Atsushi:1, Uematsu, Kanta:1, Iwatani, Shuma:1, Kawajiri, Tomoya:1, Watamura, Eiichiro:1, Muramoto, Yukiko:1
1:The University of Tokyo (Japan)

Recent research has shown that place attachment has a positive impact on community involvement and that the effect is mediated by perceived cost and benefit of the involvement. That is, the more people become attached to their living place and neighbors, the more they tend to discount cost and emphasize benefit of community involvement. In the present research, however, we would argue that the effects of place attachment may not always be positive, especially in the case of crime prevention activities. We hypothesized that people who have a strong place attachment would feel less anxiety about crime in neighborhood, and this would lead them to be less motivated to participate in community crime prevention activities. We conducted a social survey of 161 residents in Sumida Ward, Tokyo, Japan. Results supported our hypothesis, indicating that place attachment had both positive and negative effects on people's involvement in community crime prevention activities.
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