The Pyramid of Needs: A new explanation in terms of evolutionary psychology

[Speaker] Wu, Zhimin:1
1:School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, China (China (People's Republic of China))

The humanistic psychology in which hierarchy of need theory had an immense influence on various fields was founded by Maslow. The lack of experimental test is the chief problem of Maslow's humanistic psychology. The development of evolutionary thought just makes up for this defect. The theory of evolutionary psychology may analyze Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The selfish genes, natural selection, and sexual selection may interpret the physiological needs at the bottom of the hierarchy. The kin selection and parental investment theory may expound the safety needs at the second level of the hierarchy. The reciprocal altruism and indirect reciprocity may explicate the belongingness needs at the third level of the hierarchy. The evolutionary game theory, social attention holding, and multilevel selection theory may commentate the esteem needs at the fouth level of the hierarchy. The group selection and absolute altruistic behavior can construe self-actualization at the top of the hierarchy.
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