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Self-control of Chinese Children with Moderate Intellectual Disability in Delay of Gratification task

[Speaker] Li, Zhimin:1
[Co-author] Liu, Wen:1, Gao, Shan:1, Sato, Shigeto:1
1:Liaoning Normal University,College of psychology (China (People's Republic of China))

It is well evidenced that children with intellectual disabilities are more challenge for self-control. Delay gratification is recognized the core of self-control. The current study conducted a 2(children group) × 2(reward type) design to compared the self-control of children with moderate intellectual disability and mental age-matched typical development children. The result showed that:(1)20% children with moderate intellectual disability could complete the delay of gratification task. (2) There was no main effect of the waiting time with children group (special children & normal children) (F=3.390, p>0.05). (3)There were main effect of using delay strategies with children group (F=8.86, p<0.01) and reward type (F=9.07, p<0.01). The interaction between them have been found (F=4.38, p<0.05). This study imply that children with moderate intellectual disability have similar development trend of self-control with the mental age-matched typical development children, and it influenced by the reward type.
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