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The relationship between hikikomori severity and cognitive-behavioral family factors: A two-year follow-up study

[Speaker] Nonaka, Shunsuke:1
[Co-author] Shimada, Hironori:2
1:Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan), 2:Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University (Japan)

Those who most often seek help for hikikomori (prolonged social withdrawal) are their families; therefore, it is important to clarify which family factors influence improvement of hikikomori symptoms. This two-year follow-up study investigated the correlation between hikikomori severity and cognitive-behavioral family factors. Sixty-five parents of individuals with hikikomori were asked to complete questionnaires on the following: the severity of hikikomori, self-efficacy of coping with problem behaviors (efficacy), negative evaluation of hikikomori, and family’s social skills. Hikikomori severity and efficacy were examined for changes over a two-year period. The results of a multiple regression analysis showed that “avoidance behaviors in the home” was a significant coefficient of determination. Efficacy showed a significant positive standard partial regression coefficient with “avoidance behaviors in the home.” This research suggests that a family’s self-efficacy in coping with the problem behaviors of individuals with hikikomori influences the improvement of avoidance behaviors in the home.
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