Stress and self-esteem mediate the relationships between different categories of perfectionism and life satisfaction

[Speaker] Zhong, Mingtian:1
[Co-author] Chen, Lingyu:1, Yi, Jinyao:2
1:School of Psychology, South China Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Medical Psychological Institute, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University (China (People's Republic of China))

This study was conducted to explore the unclear relationships among stress and self-esteem and life satisfaction of perfectionists. A sample of 1957 undergraduates completed Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale(FMPS), Perceived Stress Scale(PSS), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale(RSES), and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire(Q-LES-Q). Cluster analysis was used to define categories of perfectionists and nonperfectionists. Correlation analysis and structural equation modeling were also used. Results showed that adaptive perfectionists had higher RSES scores and Q-LES-Q scores and lower PSS scores than maladaptive perfectionists(all p<.01). All variables were correlated significantly(all p<.01) and were included in the final structural equation model,which fitted the data well. The model showed that adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism had indirect significant paths to life satisfaction via self-esteem and stress. These results indicated that both stress and self-esteem mediated the relationships between adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism and life satisfaction, and self-esteem suppressed the negative effect of stress on life satisfaction.
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