Comparison of Baum test results between the 1970s and 2010s

[Speaker] Sado, Tadahiro:1
[Co-author] Maeda, Tadashi:1, Furutani, Manabu:1
1:Tokoha University (Japan)

PURPOSE: To clarify the influence of era on tree representation in the Baum test among Japanese university students. METHOD: In the 1970s, materials were 1,025 drawings of trees collected by Dr. Yoshikawa. In the 2010s, materials were 466 tree drawings collected by this research's presenters. All tree drawings were evaluated by classifying apical termination (Kishimoto, 2002). Each type's frequency of appearance was compared between the 1970s and the 2010s. RESULTS: The crown type was more frequent in the 2010s, while the basic type was less frequent in the 1970s. DISCUSSION: These results indicate differences in participants' self-image and way of life: participants in the 1970s were comparatively lively and individual, while those in the 2010s were comparatively restrained and stereotypical. CONCLUSION: The Baum test's interpretation methods need to be updated, since the passage of around 40 years has a definite influence on university students' minds.
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