Chinese different social classes' perception of distributive justice and the coping strategies

[Speaker] Guo, Yongyu:1
[Co-author] Liu, Yi:2
1:School of Psychology, Central China Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Department of Psychology, Wuhan University (China (People's Republic of China))

Based on Chinese societal reality, as well as social cognitive theory of social class and attribution theory of distributive justice, this research explores perception of distributive injustice of different social classes, along with its mechanism and the coping strategies. Using experimental and questionnaire method, we studied a wide sample of urban and rural residents and undergraduates. Results showed, lower subjective class individuals had less perception of distributive justice, and the power that subjective social class predicted perception of justice was stronger than objective class; lower class individuals perceived less control, which led them more likely to attribute the rich-poor gap to external factors, as a result, caused more perception of injustice; a reduced social restriction and an increasing of psychological capital can promote lower class individuals' sense of control and perception of distributive justice. These conclusions not only support relevant theories, but also provide important practical implications for administers.
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