Effect of control deprivation on primary and secondary control: Perspectives of compensatory control theory

[Speaker] Yang, Shenlong:2
[Co-author] Guo, Yongyu:2, Kuang, Fudong:1, Li, Jing:2, Bai, Jie:2, Hu, Xiaoyong:2, Shu, Shouli:2
1:Central China Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:School of Psychology, Central China Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

Two experiments were designed to explore the relationship between compensatory control theory and primary-secondary control theory. Compensatory control theory posits that individual will exhibit a variety of cognitive or behavioral tendencies to seek structure when faced with a deprivation of control. We hypothesized that brief experiences of control deprivation would cause primary control (to exert personal influence), while prolonged experiences of control deprivation caused secondary control (acceptance and self regulation), a need for structure mediated these processes. Results supported this prediction, showed that after a short deprivation of perceived control, participants would exhibit more primary control, which mediated by an increased need for structure (study 1); when the deprivation was longer, however, participants would exhibit more secondary control, which mediated by a decreased need of for structure(study 2). The results can help to provide a deeply understanding about the two theories concerned with control.
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