Retrieving information relating to concrete items: nature or artifact cues promote retrieval of information about nature items.

[Speaker] Teranishi, Yuji:1
[Co-author] Kawabata, Yasuhiro:1
1:Hokkaido University (Japan)

Many studies have shown that when people retrieve information from their long-term memory, they often use cues to recall more information. However, these studies used category items as targets, which provided participants a cue for retrieval before they were asked to do so. We therefore examine what cues people use for retrieval. In experiment 1, we examine retrieval of concrete items. Participants used a specific cue with nature items or artifacts. In experiment 2, providing a cue in the nature cues condition or artifact cues condition triggered more answers than in the no-cue condition when participants were required to retrieve information related to an apple (this is a prototype of fruit, so we can predict that they used a nature cue) over 12 minutes. This result suggests that people employ specific cues when they retrieve information about concrete items, but they can use various cues as artifact cues.
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