Effect of updating training on relieving symptoms of children with learning disabilities

[Speaker] Chen, Xiaoying:1
[Co-author] Zhou, Renlai:1,2,3
1:School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:Department of Psychology, School of Social and Behavior Sciences, Nanjing University, (China (People's Republic of China)), 3:Center for Experimental Social and Behavioral Research of Jiangsu Province (Nanjing University) (China (People's Republic of China))

Children with learning disabilities (LD) have deficits in working memory (WM) and usually get poor academic performance. This study examined whether the symptoms of LDs can be relieved by WM updating training and the long-term effect of it. Fifty-four LD children were recruited and separated into two groups randomly. The training group underwent the adaptive running WM training task for 20 days. Two groups participated 2-back task, digit span task (forward and backward), Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices test (RSPM) and scholastic attainment test before and after training. Six months later all participants took these tests again. The results showed that WM capacity and fluid intelligence of training group were significantly improved after training. Also, math scores of training group improved significantly six months after training. It suggested that updating training can relieve the cognitive deficits of LDs and improve their fluid intelligence as well as math scores.
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